Category Archives: Yiddish materials 1: alphabet

Semester 2 seminar 3 (week 4)

Introduction to more texts about the Holocaust

Introduction to so-called “periphrastic” verbs

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semester 2, seminar 2 (week 3)

Introducing cases in Yiddish

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Semester 2, seminar 1

Please see the link below for the first seminar of semester 2

In this session we covered separable verbs in the past tense and looked at a series of short holocaust texts

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Language seminar 6, semester 1

In this seminar we learnt about present tense verbs in Yiddish

We also read a simple text ‘מײַן משפּחה’

Here is a recap of there session for revision purposes:

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Language seminar 5, semester 1

In this seminar, we covered more on the loshn-koydesh component of Yiddish:

  • revision of LK letters
  • more vocabulary
  • recognition of LK words
  • reading practice

Here is a recap video of the seminar session:

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Language seminar 4, semester 1

In this session we learnt about final forms and the loshn-koydesh letters

See the training video below

 

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Language seminar 3, Semester 1

In this seminar we learnt the following letters:

  • consonants: zayin, kuf, tsvey vovn
  • vowel onset marker: shtumer alef
  • diphthongs: tsvey yudn, pasekh tsvey yudn, vov yud

Below is a short recap of the full seminar:

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Language seminar 2 (week 4, semester 1)

In this seminar we covered the following: 

Second 10 letters: vov, yud, khof, lamed, nun, pey, fey, tsadik, resh, shin.

Below is a recap videos to help you practice the letters we learnt this week:

If you have any questions, please use the comments field below.

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Language seminar 1 (week 3, semester 1)

This week, we covered the following: 

What is Yiddish? 10 letters of the alphabet: pasekh alef, ayin, komets alef, beys, daled, giml, hey, mem, tes, samekh.

Below is a link to the short recap video to help you practice the letters we learnt this week.

If you have any questions, please use the comments field below.

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Language seminars begin this week

Just a brief reminder that there will be no lecture this week (week beginning Monday 19th October).

This week, however, we begin Yiddish language seminars which will be held as follows:

  • Tuesday 20th October, 11am-12pm, group 1 (LR2)
  • Thursday October 22nd, 12pm-1pm, group 2 (LR1)
  • Friday 23rd October, 1pm-2pm, group 3 (LR1)

Please check your timetable and the group lists on blackboard to make sure you attend the right seminar slot.

 

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Some pointers on reading Yiddish texts

I thought it might be helpful to load up a few tips re reading Yiddish texts, based on some of the pitfalls I’ve noticed you falling foul of (to mix my metaphors :-))

One common problem relates to orthography: have a look again at lecture 5 from semester 2. This runs through the key orthographic issues. Also look at the chapter we talked about from:

Zucker, Sheva, Yiddish: An Introduction to the Language, Literature and Culture Volume 2 (The Workmen’s Circle/arbeter ring, 2002).

The key issues relating to orthography and other common errors are as follows:

  1. sometimes where, in YIVO orthography, you would always encounter a pasekh (אַ pasekh alef, ײַ pasekh tsvey yudn, for example) you may find the ‘bare’ letter in other orthographies: א or ײ
  2. in fact, it is not at all uncommon to encounter alef without its pasekh or komets: א instead of אַ or אָ. Try not to get thrown by this: just try thinking about which letter might actually be meant. Hence דאס clearly refers to דאָס, for example
  3. where you will always find a dagesh in YIVO orthography for kof (in loshn-koydesh words), you may not in other systems: כמעט instead of YIVO כּמעט, for example
  4. sometimes, in loshn-koydesh words not in the YIVO system, you may not see the line across the top of the veys: טוב instead of YIVO טובֿ, for example
  5. try not to confuse samkh and shlos-mem. They look very similar, especially in early hand-typed scripts, but a shlos-mem will usually have the very square bottom right corner: ם [shlos-mem] as opposed to ס [samekh] where the corner seems to have been ‘worn away’ or smothed over
  6. in hand-typed texts, sometimes a final langer tsadik ץ can look like two letters (yud, langer-nun, ין, for example). Make sure you have read it right and look up both possibilities
  7. in some texts, it’s easy to confuse nun and giml: נ and ג. In very clear fonts they are easy to distinguish, but in hand-tyoed texts, they can look very similar. Again, try different possibilities until you get something that makes sense
  8. proper names can be tricky, especially given names, which are almost always loshn-koydesh in their spelling, usually being traditional names from the Bible. Hence משה , רבֿקה  and other loshn-koydesh names re very common. If you’re stuck, just drop me a line and I’ll do my best to decipher them for you. It’s worth  noting that many surnames are spelt according to the phonetic system, hence for Emanuel Ringlblum, רינגלבלום is a phonetically spelt surname  whereas the given name עמנואל is spelt according to the traditional system. If you’re really interested, look at this presentation by Warren Blatt given at the 18th Seminar on Jewish Genealogy, Los Angeles, July 1998
  9. in many hand-typed texts, or texts produced on manual roll presses, a beys [ב] can look like a khof [כ] (and vice versa); make sure you have it the right way around
  10. many of you are struggling to recognise past tenses. Try to work out what the stem of the verb is by reverse engineering it: remember to check against the following files (also available on blackboard):

I’ll add other issues here as I come across them.

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Cursive letter ayin

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Cursive letter samekh

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Cursive letter langer nun

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Cursive letter nun

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Cursive letter shlos mem

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Cursive letter mem

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Cursive letter lamed

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Cursive letter langer khof

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Cursive letter khof

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Cursive letter kof

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Cursive letter pasekh tsvey yudn

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Cursive letter tsvey yudn

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Cursive letter tes

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Cursive letter khes

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Cursive letter zayin

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Cursive letter vov yud

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Cursive letter tsvey vovn

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Cursive letter vov

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Cursive letter hey

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Cursive letter daled

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Cursive letter giml

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Cursive letter beys

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Cursive letter komets alef

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Cursive letter pasekh alef

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Videos for reading and writing practice

Here are the videos that take you through the alphabet:

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